(照片來源:http://www.flickr.com/photos/puppyeye/4308478624/in/set-72157623265181358/)

在雅思口說中,你是否也「有口難言」呢?
說來說去都是那些單字怎麼辦??

來看看...

下面這個雅思口說Part 2 的主題卡:

Describe a natural disaster that occurred in your country.
You should say:
● what happend 
● what effect it had on your country
● what was done about it
and explan what made it so devastating 

(註:在雅思IELTS的口說考試中,共分成三大部分,難度會由淺入深。其中在part 2 時,外籍主考官會給考生如上述的一個主題卡(topic card),考生有1分鐘的時間作筆記,之後針對主題對主考官發表2分鐘的演說。對於雅思考試架構想更進一步了解的同學可點這裡)

像這樣的主題卡,如果讓電腦前的你準備一分鐘,然後試著用英文說說看,
你覺得你大概可以說到怎樣的程度呢?
事實上,如果是我的話,大概就蹦出諸如typhoon, brings a lot of rain, floods...等,就不知道該說甚麼了~

後來在老師的引導下,才發現,其實憑空生出英文字真的很難,
最好提升英文用字的方式,就是從閱讀相關主題文章而來,會非常實用喔~

像environment / natural disaster 的議題,我們可以從國外的報紙中去搜尋相關文章,
節錄好用的文句,加以運用到自己的回答裡。

我們用以下這篇文章做分享:
1. 此篇文章 摘錄自英國衛報(The Guardian)11/18的網路報導,談到在英國Cornwall這個城鎮因暴雨淹水的問題
(原文出處:http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/nov/18/cornwall-flash-floods-weather?intcmp=239)

2. 我們將可運用的單字標示為藍色,可運用的句型標為綠色


Cornwall mops up after devastating flash floods
• Operation will last for months and cost millions
• Hundreds of residents driven from their homes




A multimillion-pound mopping-up operation was today under way in Cornwall after flash floods forced hundreds of people from their homes and devastated businesses. All the flood and severe weather warnings for the area were lifted as the clean-up and recriminations continued.

Environment ministers are expected to make a statement to parliament, setting out extra support for some of the worst-hit areas. The government faces criticism for cutting funding for flood defences, but promised yesterday that it would do all it could to restore towns and villages wrecked by the deluge.

Agencies including the Met Office, the Environment Agency and Cornwall council also faced questions over whether they had given sufficient warning of the downpour and been well enough prepared to cope with the aftermath. Lord Smith, the chairman of the Environment Agency, warned that future flood defence works might be hampered by a tight funding settlement.

Speaking to BBC Radio 4's Today programme, he said: "The good news is that now the flood waters are receding in Cornwall and now the clean-up operation has to get under way." But he added: "Where we will have difficulty, I fear, over the coming couple of years is in starting new flood defences that might have been possible."

Hundreds of residents spent last night in emergency accommodation after being evacuated from their homes.


從短短的一篇文章,我們就可以學到很多不同於以往的表達方式,
將上述的單字片語整理如下(按照文章順序):

單字:
1. devastating flash floods 
● devastate 
/'dɛvəˈstet/ (v.) 摧毀,devastating為形容詞(adj.),在這邊就是指很嚴重的水災,像台灣多颱風,也可以用來形容災情慘重的颱風:a devastating typhoon.
● flash floods則指因驟雨而釀成的水災,像台灣夏天常有午後雷陣雨造成大淹水,就可以用flash floods囉!

2. mopping-up operations (n.) 清掃行動
mop 這個單字是"拖把"的意思,mop up 原為"擦去"之意,延伸出mopping-up operations就是指淹水過後的清掃行動。
不過mopping-up operations也有"肅清"的意思,譬如說針對叛亂和反動人士的肅清行動。

3. severe (adj.)  /sə'vɪr/
十分嚴重的、嚴峻的
這個單字可以運用的範圍很廣,運用在天氣上,一般形容很嚴峻寒冷的天氣。
(學會這個單字,就不用再一直說cold囉~終於可以換個新字了!)
Ex: The severest(=coldest) winter for 5 years. 五年來最寒冷的冬天

4.
worst-hit areas (n.) 災情慘重的地區

5. flood defences (n.) 防洪

6. aftermath (n.)
/'æftɚˈmæθ/ (戰爭、不幸事件造成的) 後果、餘波
Ex: The government should do more to cope with the aftermath of floods (the earthquake).

7.
be evacuated from + n. (片語) 被疏散,從...被撤離
Ex: Hundreds of residents spent last night in emergency accommodation after being evacuated from their homes.數以百計的居民在昨晚從家裡撤離至緊急居所。


句型:
1. ...to restore towns and villages wrecked by the deluge.
● be wrecked by + n. 受到嚴重損害
● deluge (n.) /'dɛljudʒ/ 暴雨造成的水災 = a severe flood

2.to cope with + n. 
處理、應付(某事) = to deal with

3. be hampered by + n. 被...阻礙 / 牽制
flood defence works might be hampered by a tight funding settlement.

4. the flood waters are receding 水漸漸退了
recede (v.)
/rɪ'sid/ 漸漸遠去,消退
recede也可用來形容"前額"的禿頭(因為是往後消退),Ex: His hair beginning to recede from his forehead. 


同場小加映:
● 要如何說 「XX颱風重擊台灣」呢?
你可以說:
Typhoon XX strikes / batters / hits Taiwan.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

希望以上分享有幫助到大家喔~

本週六(11/20) 劍喬台北資深雅思Mike老師主講
「破解口吃---雅思口說訓練講座」
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